Quick Guide to Gamma-Ray Bursts with an Overview of 11 Significant Bursts

Gamma-ray bursts (GRB) are flashes of electromagnetic energy that last a few seconds to a few hours. These bursts originate from extremely violent events such as collapsing supernovae and hypernovae. They are typically followed by the so-called afterglow which is less intense but longer lasting.

Listed below are 11 significant bursts since their discovery in the 1960s: